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Guterres invokes Article 99 over threat to world peace and security

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7 December 2023, The Age, by Bassam Masoud and Nidal al-Mughrabi

Gaza/Cairo: Israeli Foreign Minister Eli Cohen has sharply criticised the UN secretary-general after he issued a dire warning over the situation in the Gaza Strip, calling Antonio Guterres’ tenure at the world body “a danger to world peace”.

Guterres wrote to the 15-member Security Council on Wednesday urging it to use its influence to avert “a humanitarian catastrophe” in Gaza. He also reiterated an urgent call for a humanitarian ceasefire and warned that Israel’s bombardment would soon lead to a complete breakdown of public order.

Guterres invoked Article 99 of the UN Charter, which says the secretary-general may inform the council of matters he believes threaten international peace and security. “The international community has a responsibility to use all its influence to prevent further escalation and end this crisis,” he said.

Posting on the social media platform X, Cohen said Guterres’ call for a ceasefire and request to activate Article 99 of the UN Charter “constitutes support of the Hamas terrorist organisation and an endorsement of the murder of the elderly, the abduction of babies and the rape of women”.

“Anyone who supports world peace must support the liberation of Gaza from Hamas,” Cohen concluded.

It was the first time since Guterres took the helm of the UN in 2017 that he has written to the Security Council under Article 99.

It came as Israeli troops fought fierce battles with Hamas in south Gaza in the heart of the city of Khan Younis, forcing Palestinian civilians, many already displaced from the north, to search for refuge elsewhere with their options dwindling.

Israeli warplanes also bombarded targets across the densely populated coastal strip in one of the heaviest phases of the war in the two months since Israel began its military campaign to eliminate Hamas, Gaza’s ruling Palestinian militant group.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israeli forces were encircling the Khan Younis house of the enclave’s Hamas leader Yahya al-Sinwar. “His house may not be his fortress and he can escape but it’s only a matter of time before we get him,” Netanyahu said in a recorded video statement.

Residents in Khan Younis said Israeli tanks had neared Sinwar’s home but it was not known whether he or any of his family were there. Israel has said it believed many Hamas leaders and fighters are holed up in underground tunnels. An Israeli army spokesman said it was the mission of the Israeli military to “find Sinwar and kill him”.

As Israel expanded a ground offensive into southern Gaza after largely taking control of the northern half, Palestinian medics said hospitals were overflowing with dead and wounded, many of them women and children, and supplies were running out. Later Netanyahu said his Security Cabinet had approved small deliveries of fuel into the Gaza Strip to prevent a humanitarian crisis and the spread of disease.

Nine Palestinians were killed and several others injured in an Israeli bombardment of a house in Rafah, in Gaza’s far south near the border with Egypt, according to Palestinian medical sources.

Hundreds of thousands of people made homeless in the north were desperately seeking shelter in the diminishing number of places in the south designated as safe areas by Israel.

Gazans say there are no truly safe places left, with remaining towns and shelters swamped by displaced people, and Israel bombing areas where it was telling people to go.

Israel says it does its utmost to avoid civilian casualties but that Hamas combatants use civilian residential buildings for cover. Hamas denies this.

Refugee camp

In Geneva, the UN human rights chief said the situation was “apocalyptic” with the risk that serious rights violations were being committed by both sides. The UN said it was impossible to deliver emergency aid through Gaza’s southern Rafah border crossing from Egypt.

Armoured Israeli forces have thrust southwards and surrounded Khan Younis since the collapse of a seven-day truce on December 1.

Israel said its forces had struck hundreds of targets, including a militant cell near a school in the north. Hamas’ armed wing, the al-Qassam Brigades, said combat was fierce.

Residents said Israeli bombing intensified overnight, killing and wounding civilians, and that tanks were battling Palestinian militants north and east of Khan Younis.

Some Palestinians described lucky escapes after their homes were destroyed in an overnight airstrike on the al-Amal neighbourhood of Khan Younis.

“I swear we don’t even know how we made it out alive,” said Hamdi Tanira, describing an attack on a house where he said he and about 30 others were sleeping, including 20 children.

Another survivor Amal Mehdi said: “All of a sudden, the bombardment hit us, you wouldn’t know where it came from, it was a miracle that we were pulled from under the rubble.”

In Gaza’s heavily urbanised north, tanks, naval boats and warplanes pounded areas of the Jabalia refugee camp – a militant hotbed – as well as roads and houses, according to residents and Hamas media.

The Washington-based Institute for the Study of War said Hamas fighters were using improvised explosive devices and anti-personnel mines in a shift of tactics as the fighting transitioned to close ground combat.

Death toll

Israel unleashed its military campaign in response to an attack on October 7 by Hamas fighters who rampaged through Israeli towns, killing 1200 people and seizing 240 hostages, according to Israel’s tally.

Figures relayed by Gaza’s Health Ministry put the death toll in Gaza since then at 16,015, including 43 reported by one hospital on Tuesday and 73 by another on Wednesday. But Reuters has since Monday been unable to reach the ministry spokesperson who has provided daily casualty updates for all of Gaza, leaving it unclear whether the new overall toll was comprehensive.

Israel said on Wednesday that 85 of its soldiers had been killed since its armoured forces invaded Gaza five weeks ago.

Colonel Moshe Tetro, an Israeli humanitarian affairs officer, said the military had been telling civilians in advance to evacuate from areas of Khan Younis where it plans to operate, using phone messages, online statements and leaflets.

Displaced people sheltering near the border said they feared Israel would try to force them into Egypt but that they would not go.

“This is the last destination, if they want to deport us by force, we will not leave. We would rather die in our place,” said one man who, with his companions, was sleeping rough. They did not even have tents.

Israel says some women and children hostages remain in Hamas hands and its goal is to find and free them. During the pause in fighting, Hamas returned more than 100 hostages, but 138 captives remain.

The United States, Israel’s closest ally, has urged Israel to do more to allow fuel and other aid into Gaza and reduce harm to civilians.

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Article source: 07 December 2023, The Age, by Bassam Masoud and Nidal al-Mughrabi

2024-05-08 07:04:10.000000